The Relationship Between our Local Song Birds and the Native Plants at Kul Kah Han Gardens

Compiled by R.Sikes.

1.American Wildlife & Plants by Martin, Zim, & Nelson.
2. Personal observation

KUL KAH HAN NATIVE PLANT GARDEN – EDGELAND

PLANT ITEM EATEN BIRD
Amelanchier canadensis
– Serviceberry
Fruit Northern Flicker, House & Purple Finch, Evening Grosbeak, Pine Siskin, Goldfinch, Steller’s Jay, Western Tanager, Hermit Thrush or Swainson’s Thrush, Am. Robin, Spotted Towhee,  White Crown & Song Sparrow, Dark Eyed Junco
Arctostaphylos uva ursi
– Kinnikinnick
Fruit Golden Crown & Song Sparrow, Pine Siskin, Gold Finch
Aster chilensis
– Pacific Aster
Seed Pine Siskin, Goldfinch,  Golden Crown & Song Sparrow, Dark Eyed Junco
Berberis nervosa
– Low Oregon Grape
Nectar Rufous Hummingbird
Carex comosa
– Longhair SedgeCarex lyngbyei
– Lyngbye Sedge Seeds
Carex vesicaria
– Inflated Sedge
Golden Crown , Fox , Savannah,  & Lincoln Sparrow; Dark Eyed Junco
Cornus stolonifera
– Red Osier Dogwood
Fruit Purple Finch, Evening Grosbeak, Pileated & Harry Woodpecker, Hermit Thrush, American Robin, Cedar Waxwing, Warbling Vireo
Erigeron speciosus
– Showy Fleabane
Pine Siskin, Goldfinch, Gold. Cr & Song Sparrow Dark Eyed Junco
Fragaria chiloensis
Coastal StrawberryFragaria vesca
– Woodland Strawberry
Fragaria virginana
– Wild Strawberry
Fruit American Robin, Spotted Towhee, Cedar Waxwing
Lewisia columbiana
– Columbia Lewisia
Seed Dark Eyed Junco, Song Sparrow
Lonicera cilosa
– Orange Honeysuckle
Nectar Rufous Hummingbird
Myrica californica
– California Wax Myrtle
Seed Chestnut Backed Chickadee, Audubon’s Warbler
Nothochelone nemorosa
– Woodland Penstemon
NECTAR– Rufous Hummingbird
Quercus rugosa
– Net Leaf Oak
Seed Steller’s Jay, Northern Flicker, Varied Thrush
Rhododendron occidentale
– Western Azalea
Nectar Rufous Hummingbird
Ribes sanguineum
– Red Flowering Currant
Nectar Fruit Rufous HummingbirdCedar Waxwing, Spotted Towhee, Amer. Robin
Solidago spathulata
– Spikelike Goldenrod
Seed American Goldfinch, Pine Siskin
Vaccinium ovatum
– Evergreen Huckleberry
Fruit House & Purple Finch, Hermit Thrush, American Robin, Spotted Towhee, Steller’s Jay, Dark Eyed Junco, Golden Crown, Fox, & Song Sparrow
Nectar Rufous Hummingbird

KUL KAH HAN NATIVE PLANT GARDEN – FOREST

PLANT ITEM EATEN BIRD
Alnus rubra
– Red Alder
Seed Pine Siskin, American Goldfinch
Berberis aquifolium
– Tall Oregon Grape
Fruit Nectar Rufous Hummingbird
Cedar Waxwing
Cascara purshiana
– Cascara
Fruit Red Breasted Sapsucker, Hermit & Varied Thrush, American Robin, Pileated Woodpecker, Northern Flicker
Cornus canadensis
– Bunchberry
Fruit Varied Thrush, Hermit Thrush, Warbling Vireo
Cornus nuttallii
– Pacific Dogwood
Fruit Purple & House Finch, Evening Grosbeak, Black Cap. Chickadee, Northern Flicker, West. Tanager, Hermit Thrush, American Robin, Steller’s Jay
Corylus cornuta
– Beaked Hazlenut
Seed Steller’s Jay
Dicentra formosa
– Bleeding Heart
Nectar Rufous Hummingbird
Fraxinus latifolia
– Oregon Ash
Seed Evening Grosbeak, Purple Finch, Cedar Waxwing
Gaultheria shallon
– Salal
Nectar
Fruit
Rufous Hummingbird, Anna’s HummingbirdBand Tail. Pigeon, House Finch, Spotted Towhee
Geum macrophyllum
– Large Leaved Avens
Seed Dark Eyed Junco
Holodiscus discolor
– Oceanspray
Seed Dark Eyed Junco
Malus fusca
– Pacific Crabapple
Fruit Varied Thrush, American Robin, Steller’s Jay
Oemleria cerasiformis
– Indian Plum
Fruit Northern Flicker, American Robin, Steller’s Jay
Polemonium pulcherrimum
– Jacob’s Ladder
Seed Song Sparrow
Prunus emarginata
– Bitter Cherry
Fruit Cedar Waxwing, Hermit Thrush, Amer. Robin, Warbling Vireo, Northern Flicker, Steller’s Jay
Pseudotsuga menziesii
– Douglas Fir
Seed Red Crossbill, Pine Siskin
Rubus parviflorus
– Thimbleberry
Fruit Blk. Cap & Chestnut Back Chickadees, Cedar Waxwing, Hermit & Varied Thrush; Am. Robin, Western Tanager, Evening Grosbeak, Northern Flicker, Steller’s Jay, Song Sparrow
Sorbus sitchensis
– Sitka Mountain Ash
Fruit Hermit & Varied Thrush, American Robin, Cedar Waxwing, Evening Grosbeak, House & Purple Finch, Spotted Towhee, Golden Crown Sparrow, Fox Sparrow,  Red Breasted Sapsucker
Tellima grandiflora
– Fringecup
Nectar
Seed
Rufous Hummingbird
Dark Eyed Junco

KUL KAH HAN NATIVE PLANT GARDEN – MONTANE

PLANT ITEM EATEN BIRD
Arctostaphylos X media
– Kinnickinik
Golden Cr. & Fox Sparrow, Hermit Thrush
Campanula rotundifolia
– Bluebell
Golden Crown & Fox Sparrow, Dark Eyed Junco
Carex deweyana
– Dewey’s Sedge
Golden Crown, Fox, Lincoln, & Song Sparrow, Dark Eyed Junco
Dodecatheon hendersonii
– Broad Leaf. Shoot. Star
Seed Fox & Song Sparrow
Empetrum nigrum
– Black Crowberry
White Crowned Sparrow, Song Sparrow
Lonicera involucrata
– Black Twinberry
Fruit Nectar Purple Finch, American Goldfinch,  Am. Robin  Rufous Humming Bird
Luzula campestris
– Many Flowered Wood Rush
Seed Dark Eyed Junco, Song Sparrow
Penstemon serrulatus
– Coast Penstemon
Nectar Rufous Hummingbird
Sisyrinchium angustifolium
– Blue Eyed Grass
Seed Dark Eyed Junco
Tsuga mertensiana
– Mountain Hemlock
Seed Red Crossbill, Pine Siskin
Vaccinium deliciosa
– Cascade HuckleberryVaccinium membranaceum
– Mnt.  Huckleberry
FruitNectar Black-capped and Chestnut-backed Chickadee, Hermit Thrush, American Robin, Spotted Towhee, Golden crowned & Fox & Song Sparrow, Dark Eyed Junco, Steller’s Jay, House & Purple Finch
Rufous Hummingbird

PLEASE NOTE – Songbirds and Hummingbirds eat and feed their young insects, spiders, and other invertebrates. They use spider webbing to hold their nest together.  Most native plants host a great variety of invertebrates, many essential to birds.  The dead limbs and trunks are habitat for wood consuming invertebrates and where many invertebrates hide their eggs and pupate.  Thus dead wood is critical to supplying these foods for birds all year around.  Hollows in trees dead or alive are required for many cavity nesting birds.  Trees such as Scouler Willows quickly forms tree cavities and are great wildlife trees. The stalks and flower heads of herbaceous plants such as Asters and Sedges provide bird’s winter insects, eggs, and spiders, etc.  Stands of plants like Douglas Fir, Noble Fir, Shore Pine, patches of Nootka Rose and Snowberry  provide shelter from weather and predators.  They also are good nest sites as well as provide food. Flowers for hummingbirds should be planted in mass in order to provide enough nectar in one spot. The numbers and variety of birds visiting your garden depends on the amount of cover and food provided and how far they have to travel from suitable habitat to reach your landscape.
KUL KAH HAN NATIVE PLANT GARDEN – SUBALPINE

PLANT ITEM EATEN BIRD
Abies lasiocarpa
– Alpine FirAbies procera
– Noble Fir
Seed Red Crossbill, Black Capped & Chestnut Back Chickadee
Eriogonum umbellatum
– Sulphur Buckwheat
Seed House Finch, Dark Eyed Junco, Spotted Towhee
Eriophyllum lanatum
– Wooly Sunflower
Seed Gold. Crown, Song, Fox & White Crown Sparrow
Festuca ovina glauca
– Blue Fescue
Seed White Crown and Golden Crown Sparrow
Juniperus communis
– Common Juniper
Fruit Cedar Waxwing, Purple Finch
Penstemon barrettiae
– Barrett’s PenstemonPenstemon davidsonii
– Davidson’s Penstemon
Penstemon rupicola
– Rock Penstemon
Nectar
Seed
Rufous Hummingbird
American Goldfinch, Dark Eyed Junco
Pinus monticola
– Western White Pine
Seed Band Tailed Pigeon, Black Capped & Chestnut Backed Chickadees, Brown Creeper, Red Breasted Nuthatch,  Northern Flicker, Steller’s Jay, Red Crossbill,  Evening Grosbeak, House Finch, Pine Siskin, Dark Eyed Junco
Potentilla flabellifolia
– Fan Leaved CinquefoilPotentilla fruticosa
– Shrubby Cinquefoil
Potentilla gracilis
– Graceful Cinquefoil
Seed House & Purple Finch
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